Organometallic chemistry is the
study of chemical compounds containing at least one bond between a carbon atom
of an organic compound and a metal. Organometallic chemistry combines aspects
of inorganic chemistry also known as bioinorganic chemistry and organic
chemistry. Organometallic compounds are widely used in homogeneous catalysis.
Organometallic compounds are distinguished by the prefix "organo-"
e.g. organopalladium compounds and Organometallic catalysis. Examples of such
organometallic compounds include all Gilman reagents, which contain lithium and
copper. Tetracarbonyl nickel, and ferrocene are examples of organometallic
compounds containing transition metals which are related to f-block chemistry.
The term "metalorganics" usually refers to metal-containing compounds
lacking direct metal-carbon bonds but which contain organic ligands. Metal
beta-diketonates, alkoxides, and dialkylamides are representative members of
this class. In addition to the traditional metals, undergo organic
transformation eg; lanthanides, actinides, and semimetals, trace elements such
as boron, silicon, arsenic, and selenium are considered to form organometallic
compounds, e.g. organoborane compounds such as triethylborane. Few
organometalics Period 2 elements: organolithium chemistry, organoberyllium
chemistry, organoborane chemistry, Period 3 elements: organomagnesium
chemistry, organoaluminum chemistry, organosilicon chemistry.